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The 7 S Bundle was created by Maureen Spencer, RN, BSN, M.Ed, CIC, Infection Prevention Consultant. This is based on both personal experience and evidenced based practice and not intended to suggest product preference or endorsement. Some of the products are unique innovative infection prevention options, while other vendors may not be listed here but are available for your program. Research, guidelines or recommendations are included with each step but are not inclusive of all available information. These are steps to be considered when investigating and evaluating your surgical site infections and prevention program.
1. Safe OR practices: - Evaluate whether you have a safe OR: traffic control, number of staff in the room during surgery, compliance with surgical attire, proper surgical skin scrub, proper skin prep with alcohol based antiseptics, effective sterilization of instruments, monitoring and preventive maintenance of air handling systems, adequate surgical prophylaxis, warming of the patient before and during surgery, hair clipping (no shaving) outside the operating room, use of wound protectors to prevent tissue contamination, careful handling of tissues by surgical staff, disinfection of the environment during room turnovers and terminal cleaning, safe medication handling procedures and safe storage of supplies.
2. Screen – consider screening patients undergoing inpatient surgery for the presence of MRSA and Staph aureus in the nares and screen for pre-op risk factors. Consider rapid technology, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR)., for rapid turnaround time for results (~1 hour).
3. Shower – during the pre-admission testing process or in surgeon’s office – instruct patients who will undergo inpatient surgery to bathe with soap and water, CHG liquid soap or CHG impregnated washcloths (night before and morning of surgery)
4. Skin prep – Use alcohol based skin preps - such as CHG/alcohol and Iodophor/alcohol skin prep products with long lasting residual effect
5. Solution – “solution to pollution is dilution” – consider using a 0.05% chlorhexidine irrigant to remove surgical and environmental contaminants deposited into the surgical field. Discontinue the use of antibiotic irrigations.
6. Sutures – consider the use of antimicrobial impregnated sutures
7. Skin incisional protection – use of incisional adhesive to seal incision post-op or cover incision with special dressings with antimicrobial agents (e.g. silver, CHG) for duration of hospitalization.
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